Anjouan is an island with an area of 424 km²,
located in the Mozambique Channel, between Africa and Madagascar.
The population, 230 000 inhabitants, is mainly composed of Anjouaneses
and some "muzungu" (the whites).
The major cities are Mutsamudu which has
a deepwater port, Domoni where is located the mausoleum of President
Abdallah, Ouani with the airport and Sima.
The main source of wealth is the export of agricultural products.
The cost of living is extremely low (the average monthly wage
is around US$ 100).
- KEY DATA -
The official languages are Shindzuani (Anjouanese), French
Religion : Islam (sunni)
Population Density : 542 inhabitants per km²
Constitution in force : December 23, 2001 (revised on May 23, 2009) <See in french>
Basic Law in force : March 10, 2002 <See in french>
Natural Resources : None
Exports : Cloves, vanilla, cinnamon, ylang-ylang and orange
Imports : Foodstuffs, manufactured goods, petroleum products,
Anjouan is linked to the international through phone centrals
linked together by microwave. Internet is present in Anjouan since
1999. A GSM network is also in place.
Energy : Electricity
is produced by two plants, one thermal to Patsy and the other
hydroelectric to Marahani.